Due to the increase in pollution and global warming, the weather is frequently changing. Natural disasters like flood & water damage and droughts are occurring more frequently. No matter where you are living you should be fully equipped to deal with any such situation. Preventive measures should be taken at government level and at individual levels to deal with such situations. Advancement in technology has transformed everything, so modern equipment used during construction can reduce flood damage and water damage up to a certain extent.
STEPS TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT TO control Flood & Water damage:
FLOOD DAMAGE WARNING SYSTEM:
The government should install better flood warning system so that people can give flood warning. So that people can move to safe places and life and belongings could be saved. There should be an active metrological department and satellite system that can foresee weather situation.
IMPROVE BUILDING MATERIAL:
To control flood & water damage, Investment should be done on construction material. Buildings and houses should be made waterproof and sockets should be placed high on the wall. Building material should be waterproof. The focus should be on flood resilience. Such materials should be used that are least damaged by water.
The major cause of changing weather condition is climatic change which cause increase in flood & water damage. Efforts should be made on the macro level to deal with this issue. As now it is taking a serious shape. All countries should unite on this stance and derive methods to reduce the increase in ecosphere temperature. Reduce pollution; take necessary steps to tackle this situation.
INCREASE TREE PLANTATION AND NUMBER OF WETLANDS:
Wetlands act as a sponge thus observing moisture in the environment and trees help in reducing water pressure. Wetlands are drained and trees are often cut down to use available land for other purposes. This practice is further complicating the situation and the flood damages increase due to lack of trees and wetlands.
BUILD WATER STORAGE AREAS:
Efforts should be done to store flood water. In areas which are under threat of floods, more dams and water storage areas should be built there to store excess water and use it for later use.
Improper soil management, animal hooves and overgrowth can deteriorate soil condition making it less absorbent and allowing water to slip through the land and fall into rivers. Well-drained soil can absorb a huge amount of water and thus preventing the flood.
BUILDING FLOOD & water BARRIERS:
Investment should be done to make artificial flood barriers so that floods can be prevented to a great extent. The government should spend more on this and temporary barriers can be built over rivers and water reservoirs.
Here are a few steps that we should take on individually to deal with the flood:
KNOWLEDGE ABOUT YOUR VICINITY:
If you have shifted to a new area get yourself familiar with weather conditions. It is good to be well prepared and help you deal with the situation.
CHEAK WEATHER FORECAST DAILY:
You should regularly read the weather forecast if you are living in an area which is inclined to receive flood. This will help you to take preventive measures earlier and reduce damage to some extent.
Before the rainy season you must check your windows and doors, if there is any leakage or requires filling, it should be repaired. Cracks and leaks can create trouble and increase damage, so they should be filled before time. Roofs and ceilings should be checked as well. Replace broken tiles and fill leakage if any.
All household maintenance should be done before rainy weather. This is a very important step and should not be ignored. Plumbing companies should be hired to clean drains and gutters and also to fix other damages. This can prevent water from entering the house. Clean your sewer pipes; as if excess water is filled in them it might enter your basement.
REMOVE YOUR BELONGINGS:
In case if an alert is generated for flood, remove your important documents, gadgets, photo albums and expensive stuff to a higher level or to the upper portion. This way you can reduce the loss and save your important stuff which is irreplaceable.
If water enters your house, the first step is to switch off main electricity connection. Switch off all electrical appliances. Don’t stand in water, as there is an immense danger of getting an electric shock. Shut off electrical breakers. Switch off your gas connection as well. Properly seal your electrical appliances like fridge, television, washing machine etc. or if possible move them to a safer place. Cover them with packing material; this might prevent water from entering in them.
HOLD IMPORTANT STUFF:
Assemble important things like your mobile phone, car keys, torch or emergency lights, cash and other things that would be immediately required. Keep your car fully fueled. In case if you have to move to a safer place you will require all these things. Don’t worry about unnecessary things as your life is most important, things can be bought again.
REMOVE HAZARDOUS MATERIAL:
Materials like paint, oil, cleaning agents, fuel tanks and acids should be immediately removed or sealed as they can create a lot of hindrance while renovations.
USE OF SANDBAGS OR FLOOD BAGS:
In case of flood sandbags or flood, bags help in blocking water. They can be placed outside the main doors or windows or to places where there is a chance of entry of water. If you live in an area where floods come on and off you must keep flood bags at home.
SAFETY OF PETS:
In such a condition where human life is at stake, it is very difficult to take care of your pet. Shelter provided by the government might not cater to your pet. If they are left alone, they might damage your property, so the situation will be very difficult for your pet.
PREPARE YOUR FAMILY:
The children and old people in the house must be aware of the situation. Vacating the house might not be easy for them, so they must be told about the criticality of the situation.
Flood is a natural disaster but somewhere humans are responsible for it, so we should seriously take steps to deal with this. We should not lose patience in any such situations and handle scenario rationally. We cannot totally evade the damage but it can be a lesson through proper handling.